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26 March 2017 / 27. Jamaad-Ul-Akhar 1438

Ramadhan 1435: Zakat al-Fitrah, Fidya and Kafarrah

Posted on Wed, 2014-07-23 06:21

The World Federation in partnership with its Regional Federations (including The Council of European Jamaats, NASIMCO, The Africa Federation and Pakistan Federation) is accepting payments for Zakat al-Fitrah, Fidya and Kaffarah.

 

General rules pertaining to Fitrah, Fidya and Kaffarah outlined below are according to the rulings of Ayatullah Sistani (ra). Please refer to the website www.sistani.org for more detailed and comprehensive information as it pertains to your circumstances.

Rates for these payments are as follows:

ZAKAT
AL-FITRAH

£3 (wheat) per person

£5 (rice) per person

(Above rates apply to the UK. Regions/Jamaats outside of UK have set their own rates. Please check with your region/jamaat for rates in your locale)

Click here to pay

FIDYA

£1.50 GBP per fast

Click here to pay

KAFFARAH

£90 per fast

(feeds 60 poor persons)

Click here to pay

 

FITRAH

Zakāt al-Fitrah is a religious tax/alms (zakāt) paid on the day when Muslims break the fasting period at the end of the month of Ramadhān. According to ruling number 1181 of Minhaj al-Saliheen of Sayyid Sistani, “It is permissible to pay Zakat al-Fitrah in the month of Ramadhan, although the recommended precaution is that it should be paid as a loan and then considered as Zakat al-Fitrah when the time arrives (night of Eid).”

  1. It is obligatory on every sane adult, who is not poor nor a slave, to pay on his and all his dependents’ behalf about 3 kilos of an item of food that is a staple food in his locality; he can also pay the equivalent in cash.

  2. It is obligatory for a host to pay Zakat ul Fitrah for his guest who arrives at his house before sunset, if he becomes his temporary dependent.

  3. Ihtiyate Wajib is that the Fitrah should be distributed to someone who is Shia and poor and according to Ihtiyate Wajib, it should not be given to someone who is an open sinner, or who drinks or who does not offer his prayers, or will use it on sinful acts.

  4. If a person claims to be poor, Fitrah cannot be given to him unless one is satisfied with his claim; or, if one knows that the claimant has been poor previously.

  5. One should give Fitrah with the intention of seeking nearness to Allah and fulfilling His orders.

  6. If a deserving person is available in the hometown of a person, it is Ihtiyate Wajib that the Fitrah money is not transferred to another place.

  7. Payment of Fitrah becomes wājib (obligatory) after sunset on the eve of Eid ul Fitr. The Fitrah should be paid by the day of Eid ul Fitr before Eid prayers or before midday (the time of zuhr prayers) for those who do not perform Eid prayers. It is necessary to have the intention (niyyah) of giving Fitrah to fulfill God’s obligation and for His pleasure only.

 

FIDYA

Fidya is payable when a person misses a fast due to legitimate reasons and then cannot fulfil its qada.

1. Fidya is one mudd = 3/4 kg of food (better to give wheat) to a poor Muslim shi`ah *  (This is different than just feeding someone a meal)

2.  Fidya for multiple days can be given to one person

3. Must be delivered as food (not as money to buy food)

4. Can appoint a wakieel (like a trusted charity) who will take money and distribute

5. Does not need to be given right away but shouldn’t be delayed negligently


KAFFARAH

Kaffarah is a penalty. It becomes payable, as well as the Qada of that fast, for those fasts that were missed intentionally, voluntarily and without any force or pressure (i.e. without a valid excuse) by doing any of the following:

  1. Eating

  2. Drinking

  3. Sexual intercourse

  4. Masturbation

  5. Staying in the state of Janabat until the time for Fajr prayers

According to the ruling of Ayatullah Sistani, according to recommended precaution, invalidating to the fast without a valid excuse for reasons other than those mentioned above should also be recompensated with Kaffara and Qada.

1. The Kaffarah of leaving out a fast of Ramadhan is to:

  • free a slave, or fast for two months, or feed 60 poor people to their fill (or give one mud =3/4 kg of food stuff such as wheat, barley or bread, etc to each of them)

  • And if it is not possible to fulfil any of these, then you should give Sadaqa according to your means and seek Divine forgiveness. The obligatory precaution is that you should give kaffarah as and when you are able to do so.

2.  One should not be negligent about giving Kaffarah. But it is not necessary to give it immediately.

 

PAY ONLINE:

In Europe, click here

JAMAAT TREASURER

Make your payment directly to your Jamaat Treasurer

 

For more information, please email relief@world-federation.org


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